The ancient Botai people, who lived some 5,500 years ago on the territory of modern-day Kazakhstan, were the first to domesticate wild horses. The Botai understood that mares were easier to handle than stallions and were able to harness and ride colts born in captivity. Domestication resulted in physical changes of the animals and affected muscle and limb development, cardiac strength and balance. The course of human development was impacted significantly.

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