Third in the energy sector is the electricity generation and distribution industry, but in importance to the economy as a whole, it is critical for the operation and development of all industries and commerce. Kazakhstan has 76 power stations, of which five are hydro-electric. More than 85% of electricity generation is under private ownership, but the electricity distribution network is controlled by state-owned KEGOC (Kazakhstan Energy Grid Operating Company). The total installed capacity of power plants in Kazakhstan is 20,591 MW, with the largest production in Pavlodar and Karaganda regions. Large power generators include ECE, Ekibastuz-GRES-1 and GRES-2, owned by the Kazakhmys Corporation; the major heat producers include ENRC’s subsidiary Aluminium of Kazakhstan, ArcelorMittal Temirtau, and Karaganda Zhylu. The Integrated Power Systems network between Russia, Kazakhstan and Central Asian states such as Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan was created in 2002. Major investment projects within Kazakhstan include a second power transmission line North South, runnin,000km between power stations in the north of the country to the south.

Kazakhstan is the focus of attention from international players in the renewable energy market, and the Government welcomes foreign investment in green energy projects. Wind, solar, biogas, biofuel and small hydro projects are all eligible for feed-in tariffs, and there is a stable legislative framework for such investments. There will be an estimated US$2 billion invested in renewables by 2020. 10-15% of the land in Kazakhstan has average wind speeds of over 6 ms making this ideal territory for wind farms; one of the country’s power companies, Samruk-Energy, is building a wind farm that is forecast to produce 172 million kilowatt hours of electrical energy per year. The 3,000 hours of sunlight a year in Kazakhstan has the potential to produce 2.5 billion kilowatts a year. Future Energy was the theme of EXPO 2017, hosted by Kazakhstan in the capital, Nur-Sultan.

The platform of the “Green Growth Forum” was organized by the AIFC on September 10, 2019 in Nur-Sultan. The forum was held on the theme: “Development of a low-carbon development strategy for Kazakhstan: expectations and requirements. The purpose of this Session, organized by the GIZ Project was to familiarize participants with the experience of the OECD in transition to low-carbon development.

The Green Academy is the first of its kind in the post-Soviet era. The academy works to create informational support for Kazakhstan’s transition to to a Green economcy. The academy works to expand the educational capacity of government bodies, national companies, the business sector and civil society in the field of “green” economy and scientific and analytical support for the implementation process of the Concept for Republic of Kazakhstan’s transition to green economy.

President Nazarbayev addressed the 66th session of the General Assembly of the United Nations in September 2011, he proposed reviewing the basic provisions of the existing paradigm of development, and adopting the Global Energy Ecological Strategy, as well as implementing the “Green Bridge” Interregional Partnership Program. The Global Energy Environmental Strategy is a long-term program for moving to sustainable development based on conflict-free energy supply of all countries without damage to the environment. It provides for acceptance of unified norms and standards in energy production and consumption as well as global financial mechanism for support of sustainable energy supply.

The Global Energy Environmental Strategy is a long-term program for moving to sustainable development based on conflict-free energy supply of all countries without damage to the environment. It provides for acceptance of unified norms and standards in energy production and consumption as well as global financial mechanism for support of sustainable energy supply.

The Global Energy Environmental Strategy is a long-term program for moving to sustainable development based on conflict-free energy supply of all countries without damage to the environment. It provides for acceptance of unified norms and standards in energy production and consumption as well as global financial mechanism for support of sustainable energy supply.

The European Union (EU) launched the Green Central Asia regional integration project on climate protection on January 28, 2020 in Berlin. Green Central Asia will support high-level dialogue on climate change in the context of security and stability of the six states involved.